Constitution of the United Kingdom Bill: Changelog
1 The Status of this Act
- This Act is to be the foundation of overnment and emocracy in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- To amend this Act, any amendments must be accepted by a ⅔ majority of both the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons, a simple majority in each of the Regional Parliaments, and a simple majority in a national referendum.
- All Acts must conform to the principles laid out in this Act.
2 The Rights of Citizens
- The people of the United Kingdom will have the following rights guaranteed:
The Parliament may pass no laws limiting the freedom of speech, freedom of the press or freedom of assocation of any British citizen, With the exception of:
- laws that seek to prevent discrimination based on:
Disability, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Religious Belief or Race .
- Laws that seek to put a reasonable limit on campaign spending during any election, national or regional.
The Parliament may pass no laws that seek to discriminate based on: Disability, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Religious Belief or Race .
The Security Forces of the United Kingdom may not search or seize any citizen or their belongings without an authorised warrant or reasonable cause to believe an unlawful act has occurred, nor may they interview or interrogate the accused without the presence of a lawyer, and if one is unavailable, will be provided by the state
- No person may be condemned to any punishment for unlawful acts without being found guilty by a court of the composition outlined in subsection 1 (e), except for cases arising in the Armed Forces, nor may a person be tried multiple times for the same act, including if found not guilty
- In the event of a criminal prosecution, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the county and borough where the crime is alleged to have been committed, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against them, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in their favour, and to have the assistance of counsel for their defence.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
- No citizen may force another citizen into slavery or involuntary servitude.
This is not to be taken as an exhaustive list of fundamental rights, and the Supreme Court may rule in favour of the principles and spirit of this bill, as well as the Human Rights Act of 1998.
3 The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
- The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is to consist of one at least one judge from each of the following
regions of the UK:
- Northern Ireland
- North of England
- South of England
- The Parliament and Her Majesty’s overnment must follow any rulings of the Supreme Court.
- If any minister, civil servant or member of either houses of Parliament is found to have intentionally breached a judgement of the supreme court, they must be impeached.
- Impeachment is to be a trial in the Supreme Court.
- If the accused is found guilty, they will immediately be stripped of their elected office or civil service appointment, and banned from ever holding elected office or civil service appointment again.
If the Supreme Court finds a law to be in breach of Section 2(1)(a), against the spirit of the constitution or Human Rights Act, or to be in breach of any other section of this Act that law is to be considered null and void, and is to be struck from the legislative record. .
4 The Right Honourable Lords Spiritual and Temporal and the Honourable Commons in Parliament Assembled
- The Parliament is to be composed of two houses:
- The Honourable Commons in Parliament Assembled, referred to henceforth as the House of Commons
- The Right Honourable Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament Assembled, referred to henceforth as the House of Lords
- The House of Commons is to be elected as laid out in Section 5.
- The House of Lords is to be appointed by the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- The powers of each House are subject to the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949.
- The Prime Minister is decided by a majority in the House of Commons.
- Judges may not be authorised to sit in either house.
5 Election to the House of Commons
- Elections to the House of Commons will be dealt with under the provisions of the relevant Acts as listed in Section 7.
5 Devolved Parliaments
- New Devolved Assemblies can be created by referendum of the affected area, and the resulting constitutional amendment can be accepted without a nationwide vote, or a vote in other Devolved Parliaments.
- The urrent evolved arliaments are as follows:
- Scottish Parliament
Welsh Parliament Senedd Cymru
- Northern Ireland Assembly
Provincial Elections will happen every 5 years.
- Provinces will be allowed to legislate on the following matters:
- Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
- Education and Training
- Health and Social Services
- Land Use Planning
- Law and Order
- Local overnment
- Sport and the Arts
- The Power to Levy Taxes
- Regional Transport
- All other matters will be reserved by the Parliament in Westminster
- The First Minister
shall be elected by the Regional Parliament.
- There must be no restrictions in traveling between the four nations.
- Judges may not be authorised to sit in
6 Acts given Constitutional Protection
- The following
Acts are given onstitutional rotection, requiring a constitutional amendment to change:
- Magna Carta 1215
- Petition of Right 1628
- Bill of Rights 1689
- Acts of Union 1707
- Acts of Union 1800
- Parliament Act 1911
- Representation of the People Act 1918
- Parliament Act 1949
- European Communities Act 1972
- Human Rights Act 1998
- Scotland Act 1998
- Government of Wales Act 1998
- Northern Ireland Act 1998
- Belfast Agreement 1998
- Government of Wales Act 2006
- Northern Ireland (St Andrew’s Agreement) Act 2006
- Northern Ireland Act 2009
- Fixed Term Parliaments Act 2011
- Scotland Act 2012
- Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2014
- Scotland Act 2016
- Representation of the People Act 2019
7 Short title, commencement and extent
- This Act may be cited as the Constitution of the United Kingdom Act 2020.
- This Act comes into
force on the passing of this Act.
- This Act extends to England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.