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This Act was authored by John Major MP as a Private Member's Bill, with amendments by the Rt Hon Marcail Connolly MP and the Rt Hon Nicky Clack MP on behalf of Her Majesty's Government, Ashley Kanan, Baroness of Beaconsfield, and the Rt Hon James Krall MP on behalf of Her Majesty's Government.


Conversion Therapy Act 2019

2019 CHAPTER 14

An Act to ban the inhumane practice of conversion therapy.

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1 Definition

  1. "Conversion therapy" is defined as "the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation from their current sexual orientation to another using psychological or spiritual interventions".

2 Conducting Conversion Therapy

  1. This section applies in England.
  2. A person commits an offence if they conduct or plan to conduct conversion therapy on any persons, willing or unwilling.
  3. A person commits an offence if they intend to or succeed in sending people abroad for the purposes of obtaining conversion therapy unwillingly.
  4. A person guilty of committing an offence under this section is liable—
    1. on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both; or
    2. on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years.

3 Extent, commencement, and short title

  1. This Act may be cited as the Conversion Therapy Act 2019.
  2. This Act comes into force upon receiving Royal Assent. (2019 April 30)
  3. This Act forms part of the law of England and Wales.
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