XO's Model British Parliament Constitution

This is, essentially, a load of dry legalese explaining in detail how the server works. The New Members' Guide is meant to be a more accessible explanation of the server.

Section 1: The Speakership

  1. "The Speakership" is here defined as a vague term, which can, depending on the context, refer to either the Speaker of the House, the Deputy Speakers as a group, or the Advisory Council.
  2. Elections to the Speakership are to begin no more than ten days after a newly-elected House of Commons sits.
  3. The Advisory Council is an out-of-character quasi-legislative body with the power to amend the Model Parliament's rules and Constitution. For either the general, by elections, or snap elections, the advisory council must decide either to extend, keep, or shrink the number of seats.
    1. The Advisory Council may not vote to grant itself more powers.
    2. If a majority of Advisors abstain on a vote, it fails to pass, and the status quo is kept.
    3. The Advisory Council consists of the following:
      1. The Speaker of the House,
      2. a party leader from each of the political parties, and
      3. 7 members elected from and by the general public via approval voting.
        1. If a party leader is elected to a seat on the council by the public, they retain their seat until the next election.
  4. The Deputy Speakers are essentially the equivalent to admins or moderators; they can kick and ban people, manage channels and roles, and may preside over sessions of the Commons and Lords.
    1. If they so wish, any Advisor who has served for at least one full term, except the current Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition, can sign up to become a Deputy Speaker.
    2. In the event that during the term a Deputy Speaker becomes either Prime Minister or Leader of the Opposition, they will be removed from the speakership and a by-election will take place, unless the Speaker of the House grants an exception.
    3. Deputy Speakers are publically elected via score voting.
  5. The Speaker of the House is the head moderator and owner of the server.
    1. If they so wish, any Deputy Speaker may sign up to run for Speaker of the House.
    2. The Speaker is publically elected via score voting.
    3. If 50% of the Advisory Council votes to call a vote of confidence in the Speaker, such a vote will be held.
    4. The Speaker may call a vote of confidence in themself.

Section 2: Political Parties

  1. A political party may be formed if:
    1. At least 3 users have confirmed that they will join said party, and
    2. the Advisory Council deems that its political positions are sufficiently different from existing parties.
  2. Regional political parties (for example: the SNP, Plaid Cymru, Mebyon Kernow) only need 2 users to be formed, but they may only run candidates for elections in their chosen region.
  3. If, at any time, a political party falls below the required number of members, or fails to have at least 2 members who are reasonably active, they will have 1 week to attempt to get back above the limit. If they fail, the party will be disbanded.
  4. Any party member who does not send any messages in the server for a month, provided that they do not have a seat in either House of Parliament, will be expelled from their party and become an independent.
  5. By default, a party leader may be impeached via a majority vote among party members.
  6. Parties may set their own rules on impeachment of their leaders, as long as those rules ensure that party leaders can be impeached.
  7. Discord servers created to organise political parties or groupings must grant the Speaker of the House full admin privileges. (This is so that the Speakership can make sure that noöne's breaking any rules.)

Section 3: The House of Commons

  1. General elections to the House of Commons are simulated via the mixed-member proportional system.
    1. During the campaign period for a general election, no candidate running for election may switch parties, unless they wish to become an independent candidate.
    2. The dates of general elections are the provenance of the Speakership alone. Any motion to call a general election in Parliament must be passed with a 2/3 majority in the House of Commons.
  2. Newly-elected MPs must:
    1. Take either the oath or solemn affirmation of office in #house-of-commons (This also applies to MPs who have been reëlected), and
    2. if they were elected from a proportional seat, choose a constituency to represent.
  3. MPs may be removed from office in three ways:
    1. Failure to vote on four days of parliamentary business in a row.
    2. An explicit request to resign.
    3. If an MP who joined a party to get a seat leaves that party within 3 weeks, they automatically forfeit their seat.
    4. Section (c) does not apply if the MP leaves the party due to the party ceasing to exist.
  4. Ex-MPs' replacements are chosen by their political party, unless one of the following two criteria is met, in which case it will be decided by a by-election:
    1. The party has left the seat vacant for more than 21 days
    2. The ex-MP has a different party affiliation from the start of their term than at the end of it
  5. By-elections take the form of in-character debates between candidates, held in #the-strangers-bar; whoever the Speakership thinks debated best becomes MP.
    1. No person who is a constituency MP at the time of the by-election may run in it.

Section 4: The House of Lords, and the Honours List

  1. The Speakership may give out knighthoods to users. The primary purpose of these knighthoods is to commend users who have roleplayed well, but they may also be given out for more frivolous reasons, such as winning a competition, or responding well to an in-sim crisis.
  2. Those who have received knighthood may use the titles of "Sir", "Dame", or "Knight."
  3. Peers may be appointed to the House of Lords via three methods:
    1. Users who have been appointed to the Order of the Bercow Cross, or any future knighthood created to honour service to the community, may retire to the House of Lords at any time.
    2. Peers may be appointed by either the Speakership or the Prime Minister.
  4. Newly-appointed peers must:
    1. Take either the oath or solemn affirmation of office in #house-of-lords, and
    2. choose a noble title (for example: Dux of Berwick, Baron Duoro, Baron of Anchorage).
      1. Peers may not choose the primary title of a high-ranking member of the royal family. (for example: Duke of Sussex, Duke of Edinburgh, Duchess of Cambridge)
  5. If a Peer does not have any of the knighthoods that would entitle them to use the prefixes of "Sir", "Dame", or "Knight", they may only use the following titles:This does not apply to Peers sworn in before the 10th of September, 2019.
    1. Baron, Baroness, or an equivalent gender-neutral title (e.g. Baronx)
    2. Bishop
  6. Peers who have been granted Leave of Absence are stripped of their place in the House of Lords, and are no longer included in totals; however, they may return to the House of Lords at any time.
  7. Peers can be granted Leave of Absence in three ways:
    1. Failure to vote on four days of parliamentary business in a row,
    2. Being elected as an MP, or
    3. an explicit request to be granted Leave of Absence.

Section 5: Parliamentary Procedure

  1. Bills and motions proceed through the legislative process largely as they do in real life, with the following exceptions:
    1. The Amendments Committee is skipped, and amendments to bills are instead brought forward by MPs up to one week after the second reading.
    2. Legislative motions only get one reading in each house, with no possibility for amendments.
    3. Motions where a House merely states its support for something only get one reading, in said house.
  2. If a set of enacted amendments conflict, whichever one receives more "Aye" or "Content" votes takes precedence.
    1. If conflicting amendments receive the same amount of "Aye" or "Content" votes, whichever one was voted on last takes precedence.
  3. Proper parliamentary conduct must be adhered to in in-character parliamentary channels. This means no addressing fellow MPs/Peers by name, no accusing someone of lying, et cetera.